Indian occupation of Junagadh – an act of shameless aggression
Besides the occupation of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947, India, by a brazen act of aggression, transgressed the princely state of Junagadh, ruled by the Muslims, and occupied it by force shortly after the partition of the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent.
Bahadur Khan Babi, son of Shayr Khan Babi, proclaimed his independence from Mughal rule after the death of the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1736 AD. However, Junagadh came under the suzerainty of the British crown after the British occupied the subcontinent like the other 561 princely states. The Juanagdh had the unique dispensation of being the second largest among the Muslim states and a wealthy country, as well as being ranked 5th in terms of income generating states of British India. It was classified as one of the main princely states of British India, because with an area of around 4,000 square miles, Junagdh had its own army and a proper system of governance.
At the time of partition, the Viceroy of British India, Lord Mountbatten, had clearly announced that the Princely States of British India would be independent to decide on membership regardless of geographic constraint, but he then did U-turn and geographic contiguity was imposed to facilitate the illegal occupation of states like Jammu and Kashmir and Junagdh.
The story is evident in the fact that Nawab Mohabat Khanji, then governor of Junagadh, made an agreement with Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, governor general of Pakistan and signed the “instrument of accession”. Junagadh became the first princely state to join Pakistan on September 15, 1947.
However, India had its own plans. When after the conclusion of the agreement, the Nawab of Junagadh traveled to Karachi, the capital of Pakistan at the time, to discuss the details of the accession procedure, with India behind his back, l ‘took as a chance of interference; Indian pal Shamal Das Gandhi and his affiliates have sparked unrest in the state. The Indian army advanced its troops and occupied Junagadh on November 9, 1947. India asserted that on the basis of population it was legitimate to occupy Junagdh despite the fact that the Nawab had signed an instrument of accession legally. genuine with Pakistan. In contrast, India claims that Maharaja Hari Singh joined the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India despite the state being predominantly Muslim, exposing India to double standards. measures. It also proves the very fact that on the basis of its religion-based political doctrine, the Indian government has paved the way for this transgression.
At the time of partition, Pakistan faced many challenges such as lack of resources, the absence of an organized army and the influx of refugees and was unable to respond to Indian aggression. However, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah approached the United Nations for redress of the matter in January 1948. The UN Security Council ordered its commission on Kashmir to examine the conflict over Junagadh. However, the case is still not resolved. The story is evident in the very fact that at the United Nations Security Council India’s argument revolved around the “people’s wishes” scenario and she accused the Nawab of Junagadh of ignoring it, but on the other hand, New Delhi ignored the same principle for the situation in Jammu and Kashmir where Maharaja Hari Singh ignored the wishes of the people of Jammu and Kashmir, allowing India to forcibly occupy Jammu and Kashmir for over 70 years.
India’s request to join Jammu and Kashmir is rejected by the people of Kashmir and contested by Pakistan. The claim has not been accepted by the United Nations and is not legally valid. On the other hand, there is a real “instrument of accession” duly signed by Nawab de Junagadh and Quaid-e-Azam, which clearly means that the Indian occupation is illegal and that Pakistan still has a valid claim and legal on Junagadh at the international level because the “instrument of accession” signed by Nawab de Junagadh and Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah is still intact.
It is the responsibility of the Pakistani government to simultaneously resolve all disputes with India, including Kashmir, Junagadh and Hyderabad. Therefore, the Pakistani nation, especially its media, civil society and universities, must play their part in bringing the issue of Junagadh into the limelight. Last year, the Pakistani government reinstated Junagadh in its political map, but more efforts are needed to highlight this issue in various international fora. Pakistan should also include the Junagdh issue such as the Jammu and Kashmir dispute in its bilateral talks with India so that it can be resolved according to the principles set out at the time of the partition.