Job report in public enterprises with the manager of the saved highways in the lead – CVBJ


Updated on Saturday, November 20, 2021 – 01:58

The state-owned company that manages the saved highways and operates the future toll roads (SEITT) multiplies its workforce by 26 while Adif, Navantia or Hunosa reduce their workforce

Patxi Corral Araba Press

Spain has a notable portfolio of public trading entities and state trading enterprises which, in 2020, employed 141,997 workers, a 5% more than five years ago, according to the Inventory of Public Sector Entities of the Ministry of Finance. The largest year-over-year employment increases during this period occurred in 2018 and 2019, coinciding with the change of government and ending with the onset of the pandemic in 2020.

The company that has experienced the greatest increase in staff over the past five years is SEITT (State company for land transport infrastructure), what’s going on twenty one To 551 workers, which means multiply by 26 his troops. SEITT, attached to the Ministry of Transport, is the state trading company in charge of the construction, operation and conservation of State transport infrastructure. It is therefore the one who manages the highways saved in 2017 and the one who will operate the future toll roads.

However, Correos continues to be the SOE giant with a difference from the rest. In 2020, he employed 53,393 one person 6% more than in 2015, although in recent years he has lost career civil servants to unrequited pensions. This week, the CSIF assured that Correos had 15,000 fewer jobs than ten years ago for this reason, while the UGT and CCOO demanded explanations from the Congress of the president of the entity, Jos Manuel Serrano, on the “nearly 500 million losses in three years”.

The general employment trend in the SOE sector is on the rise, but there are large SOEs that are racking up losses for a variety of reasons. This is the case of Adif, the second state-owned public enterprise with more workers, and of Renfe Mercancas. Both recorded, respectively, a decrease in their workforce of 13% and of 36% over the past five years, which unions criticize.

Michelangelo Escolano, federal secretary of the railway sector of the UGT, underlines that in 2005, Adif had 4,423 more workers and that there is currently a problem of understaffing and aging of the workforce. “There is a scandalous shortage of personnel and the average age is over 55 years. We didn’t have any public job offers and now they had no choice but to approve an additional replacement rate to resolve it, ”he explains.


The state trading company Tourist paradores of Spain recorded employment increases between 2015 and 2019, but in 2020 it reduced its workforce by 7% compared to the previous year due to the pandemic. He currently has 3,695 effective, lowest number in the past five years, and closed its last annual accounts with losses.

“There is a big drop in 2020 because there were a lot of temporary workers and hiring fell. We have less staff now than after the 2012 ERA, ”he says. José Manuel García, CSIF representative in the company. Garcia criticizes the temporality in new contracts: many are 15 days and part-time, although they end up being extended by four or five months. “What is clear is that the hospitality professional with this type of hiring is leaving us and we are leaving a very old staff, with people who already have health problems and who have been working for forty years”, he explains.

In 2020, when the workforce was reduced by 7%, Paradores reflected in its annual accounts a increase in the remuneration of its directors and senior management through salaries and daily allowances. When publishing this information, the company explained that it was due to the hiring of a new director of human resources in 2020 after the departure of the former director in 2019.

Navantia, a civil and military shipbuilder, also lost a 28% its workforce since 2015 and its employees have been plunged into an indefinite strike because of the traffic jam during the negotiation of the new collective agreement.

Although the worst situation among large SOEs is Hunosa, a company dedicated to the extraction and exploitation of the coal mines of Asturias which lost 52% of its workers since 2015. The hole widened from 2018, when virtually all coal mines in Spain closed. and the company had to retrain.

Hunosa defends diversification in energy services and the environment to reorient its activity, but the truth is that of the 1,436 jobs she held in 2015 now have only 692.


According to the Inventory of State, Autonomous and Local Public Entities published by the Ministry of Finance and Civil Service, Spain has 1,994 public commercial entities and public commercial companies distributed throughout the national territory and attached to different administrations.

According to the inventory, 125 State-owned enterprises are classified as state-owned in the national accounts, 338 as regional and 1,040 as premises. Also exists 133 public enterprises attached to various administrations and others 358 classification pending.

The territorial distribution of all these entities is uneven if only their head office is taken into account, although companies like Correos or Adif have offices and workers in most of the Autonomous Communities.

Andalusia, with 319 public enterprises, is the autonomous community with the most head offices due to the weight of its sector of autonomous and local public enterprises.. Catalonia follows, with 265 entities also concentrated in these areas, and in third position is Madrid.

The Community of Madrid hosts 67.2% of public companies, which by adding the regional and local brings together a total of 157 entities. And on the other side are Melilla, La Rioja, Ceuta and Extremadura, with only three, seven, ten and 23 companies respectively.

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